South Korea

geography and nature

If you wanted to guess where South Korea is located, it probably wouldn’t take you very long to get the answer right. South Korea is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula! (A “peninsula” is a piece of land that hangs down off of the mainland; peninsulas kind of look like islands, because they have water around them on three sides, but they are connected to land on the fourth side.) South Korea is split up into four main areas, and these areas all have different types of mountains and plains in them. South Korea is not a very big country. In fact, there are 107 countries in the world that are bigger than it!


Almost fifty million people live in South Korea, which puts it at 24th place in the world. Considering that it is only the 108th largest country, that means that there are a lot of people living in the country for its size!

capital city & important cities

The city of Seoul (sounds like “sole”) is the capital city of South Korea, and it is also the largest city in the country. In fact, with almost 10 million people living in the city and about 25 million living in and around the city (which is called the “metropolitan area”), it has the second most people of any metropolitan area in the world. No wonder the population in South Korea is so big for its size!


The South Korean flag has a very simple design, but it has very deep meanings also! It stands for everything being in balance together, and it has things that stand for everything from the sky, sun, moon, and earth to the family and the goodness of people. Who knew that the meaning of a flag could be so deep!


In South Korea, they keep their food simple…and delicious! Most food in South Korea uses either rice or noodles as a main ingredient, and they add fish or other meat on top of this. Seafood is a big part of the South Korean diet, and spices are also very important in the cooking process. South Korean food might not have the popularity that Japanese or Chinese food have in other parts of the world, but that does not mean that it’s not worth trying!


Even though you might not hear a lot of South Korean music where you live, they have a very popular set of musicians in their country. South Korean music has everything from rap to rock to techno music. Some South Korean music has even started to become popular around the world! Of course, most people outside of South Korea don’t understand the words that the singer is singing, but it sure sounds cool to listen to! Maybe that’s all that really matters!


South Korea uses the South Korean won for money. They have coins and paper money, just like in the USA!


Here is another one that you should be able to guess pretty easily. What is the language in South Korea? That’s right, it’s Korean! Korean is a little bit similar to both Mandarin (which is spoken in China) and Japanese, and there are over 78 million people in the world who speak Korean!

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